Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly. Crooked teeth and teeth that do not fit together correctly are harder to keep clean and are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and gum disease. Malpositioned teeth can cause extra stress on the chewing muscles and can lead to headaches, TMJ syndrome, and neck, shoulder, and back pain. Crooked teeth can also detract from one’s appearance.
The benefits of orthodontic treatment include a healthier mouth, a more pleasing appearance, and teeth that are more likely to last a lifetime.
A specialist in this field is called an orthodontist. Orthodontists receive two or more years of education beyond their four years in dental school in an ADA-approved orthodontic training program.
Based on diagnostic tools that include a full medical and dental health history, a clinical exam, imaging of your teeth, and X-rays and photographs, our orthodontist will decide whether orthodontics are recommended and develop a treatment plan that’s right for you.
If you have any of the following, you or your child may be a candidate for orthodontic treatment:
Many different types of appliances, both fixed and removable, can be used to help move teeth, retrain muscles, and affect the growth of the jaws. These appliances work by placing gentle pressure on the teeth and jaws. The type and severity of your problem will determine the orthodontic approach used.
Fixed appliances include:
The most common fixed appliances, braces consist of bands, wires, and/or brackets. Braces put gentle tension on the teeth to gradually move them to their proper position.
Used to control thumb sucking or tongue thrusting, these appliances are attached to the teeth by bands.
If a baby tooth is lost prematurely, a space maintainer is used to keep the space open until the permanent tooth erupts.
Removable appliances include:
An alternative to traditional braces, serial aligners move teeth in the same way that fixed appliances work, only without metal wires and brackets.
Worn on the roof of the mouth, these devices prevent shifting of the teeth to their previous position.
Made with an acrylic base that fits over the jaw, these devices serve the same function as fixed space maintainers.
This plastic plate that fits over the roof of the mouth is used to widen the arch of the upper jaw.
A strap is placed around the back of the head and attached to a metal wire or face bow in front to align the teeth and jaw.
Your initial appointment at our Sudbury orthodontic office includes an initial exam. Our iTero® digital impression system allows us to create digital, 3D images of your teeth, so you don’t have to sit through a messy, uncomfortable impression process.
During your follow-up consult, your orthodontist will go over your orthodontic needs and discuss your recommended treatment plan in length. You’ll be able to choose which type of orthodontic treatment will best fit your needs and lifestyle.